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Peter The Great Reforms Essay Examples

Like most historical figures, Peter the Great was a complex person. He introduced a number of positive changes into Russia. Most prominently, he sought to "Westernize" Russia by importing Enlightenment ideas and technology. For example, he organized the government bureaucracy, modernized the Russian armed forces, and afforded women some new rights (such as the ability to attend public theatrical performances).

However, not all of Peter's accomplishments for positive. Peter believed that, in order for Russia to modernize, it must adopt western European culture as well as its ideas. For example, he forced all the Russian nobles to shave their beards. Additionally, he exacted heavy taxes to finance his Westernization projects. Finally, he instituted compulsory civil service, particularly for the nobility. This meant that nobles were forced to work for the government in some capacity, even if they did not want to. While well-intentioned, most people would consider these negative attributes. 

Czar Peter Romanov I also known as Peter “The Great” took many actions as being the absolute ruler of Russia, Peter impacted Russia positively and negatively through westernization and opening Russia to the west. Overall peter had a positive effect on Russia.

Peter’s main goal as Czar of Russia was to westernize his country, He realized that Russia should be westernized to ensure its independence, which was a positive impact Peter had completed. Already fascinated by mechanical inventions, he studied government and ways of the West. He modernized the calendar, simplified numerals, and the Russian alphabet. To make sure Russia had contact with the West, Peter captured the east shores of the Baltic Sea from the Swedish and built a new capital named after himself named St. Petersburg. Peter managed to modernize Russia without borrowing money from the country, so Peter imposed heavy taxes on the citizens, because European men usually were clean shaven, he even taxed Russians wearing beards.

All of the taxing that Peter imposed was a negative action he had taken. Peter’s positive actions towards the government were a good thing he did, he had three reforms of government. Local government, which towns were allowed to elect their own government officials. Provincial government, Russia was divided into 8 guberniia, each of the guberniias were lead by a Gubnator who had all of the power in his guberniia. Central government, the central government advised Peter, Peter thought that these reforms of government helped in the modernization of Russia.

Another positive thing Peter did was build a church, the Peter and Paul Cathedral, not only was it a place for the people of St. Petersburg to pray, but it was also used as a fortress to protect the area from a possible attack from the Swedes. It was the first church in the city made out of stone, the church stood 404 ft. tall being the tallest building in St. Petersburg. All of the Russian emperors are buried in the church from Peter the great to Alexander III.

In conclusion I think that Peter I had a positive effect on Russia, from westernization to his reforms of government, some of Peter’s ways are still used in modern Russia till this day.

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