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Steny Hoyer Committee Assignments Are

Steny Hoyer
House Minority Whip


Assumed office
January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byEric Cantor
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byNancy Pelosi
Succeeded byRoy Blunt
House Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byJohn Boehner
Succeeded byEric Cantor
Chair of the House Democratic Conference
In office
June 21, 1989 – January 3, 1995
LeaderTom Foley
Preceded byWilliam Grey
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Vice Chair of the House Democratic Conference
In office
January 3, 1989 – June 21, 1989
LeaderJim Wright
Preceded byMary Rose Oakar
Succeeded byVic Fazio
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 5th district


Assumed office
May 19, 1981
Preceded byGladys Spellman
82nd President of the Maryland Senate
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byWilliam James
Succeeded byJames Clark
Member of the Maryland Senate
for the 26th District
In office
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1978
Preceded byDistrict established
Succeeded byB.W. Mike Donovan
Member of the Maryland Senate
for District 4C
In office
Preceded byDistrict established
Succeeded byDistrict abolished
Personal details
BornSteny Hamilton Hoyer
(1939-06-14) June 14, 1939 (age 78)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Judith Hoyer (deceased 1997)
EducationUniversity of Maryland, College Park(BA)
Georgetown University(JD)

Steny Hamilton Hoyer (born June 14, 1939) is the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 5th congressional district, serving since 1981. The district includes a large swath of rural and suburban territory southeast of Washington, D.C.. Immediately following the retirement of Barbara Mikulski, Hoyer became the dean of the Maryland Congressional delegation.

A Democrat, he was first elected in a special election on 19 May 1981 and served as the House Majority Leader from 2007 to 2011.[1][2] He had previously served as House Minority Whip from 2003 to 2007, and was reelected to that post in 2011. These positions make him the second-ranking figure in the House Democratic Leadership hierarchy. As of December 5, 2017 he is the most senior Democrat serving in the House of Representatives following the resignation of John Conyers.

Early life and education[edit]

Hoyer was born in New York City, New York, and grew up in Mitchellville, Maryland, the son of Jean (née Baldwin) and Steen Theilgaard Høyer. His father was Danish and a native of Copenhagen; "Steny" is a variant of his father's name, "Steen",[3] and Hoyer is an anglicized form of the fairly common Danish surname "Høyer". His mother was an American, with Scottish, German, and English ancestry, and a descendant of John Hart, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.[4] He graduated from Suitland High School in Suitland, Maryland.

In 1963, he graduated magna cum laude from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he also became a member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity.[5] He earned his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in 1966.[5]

Early political career[edit]

For four years, from 1962 to 1966, Hoyer was a member of the staff of United States Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Maryland); also on Senator Brewster's staff at that time was Nancy Pelosi, who would later become a leadership colleague of Hoyer as she served as Minority Leader and Speaker of the House.[6]

In 1966, Hoyer won a newly created seat in the Maryland State Senate, representing Prince George's County-based Senate District 4C.[7] The district, created in the aftermath of Reynolds v. Sims, was renumbered as the 26th district in 1975,[5][8] the same year that Hoyer was elected President of the Maryland State Senate, the youngest in state history.[9]

From 1969 to 1971, Hoyer served as the 1st Vice President of the Young Democrats of America.[10]

In 1978, Hoyer sought the Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor of Maryland as the running mate of then acting Governor Blair Lee III, but lost out to Samuel Bogley 37%–34%.[11] In the same year, Hoyer was appointed to the Maryland Board of Higher Education, a position he served in until 1981.[5]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]


Fifth District Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election. She was reelected, but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness, and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981. Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, beating Spellman's husband Reuben by only 1,600 votes. He then defeated a better funded Republican, Audrey Scott, in the May 19 special election by 56%-44%, earning himself the nickname of "boy wonder".[12][13][14] In the 1982 general election, Hoyer won re-election to his first full term with 80% of the vote.[15] He has only faced one relatively close contest since then, when he defeated future Governor of MarylandLarry Hogan with just 55% of the vote in 1992.[16] His second worst performance was his 1996 bid against Republican State Delegate John Morgan, when he won re-election with 57% of the vote.[17]


Domestic issues
  • Social Issues: Hoyer is pro-choice on abortion rights.[18] He voted against the Partial-Abortion ban bill in 2003. Hoyer supports affirmative action and LGBT rights.
  • Gun Rights: He is rated F by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun control voting record.
  • Privacy: In 2008, Hoyer said he opposed providing immunity to telecom companies, but then negotiated a bill, described by Senators Patrick Leahy and Russ Feingold as a "capitulation", that would provide immunity to any telecom company[19] that had been told by the Bush administration that their actions were legal.[20][21][22][23] “No matter how they spin it, this is still immunity,” said Kevin Bankston, a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy rights group that has sued over President Bush's wiretapping program. "It’s not compromise, it’s pure theater."[24]
  • Health Care: In a 2009 USA Today opinion piece regarding healthcare reform, Steny Hoyer wrote that "Drowning out opposing views is simply un-American."[25]
  • Taxes: In June 2010, Hoyer brought up the idea that Congress would extend only temporarily middle-class tax cuts that were set to expire at the end of the year, suggesting that making them permanent would cost too much. President Obama wants to extend them permanently for individuals making less than $200,000 a year and families making less than $250,000.[26]
Foreign issues
  • India: Hoyer supports civilian nuclear cooperation with India.[27]
  • Iraq: Hoyer initially supported the Iraq War and was even recognized by the DLC for his vocal leadership on this issue. After the war became publicly unpopular, Hoyer said he favored a "responsible redeployment".[28] However, he has repeatedly supported legislation to continue funding for the war without deadlines for troop withdrawal, most recently in return for increased funding of domestic projects.[29]
  • Israel: Hoyer is a supporter of Israel, and has often been allied with American Israel Public Affairs Committee. In September 2007, he criticized Rep. Jim Moran for suggesting that AIPAC "has pushed (the Iraq) war from the beginning", calling the comment "factually inaccurate".[30]
  • Iran: Hoyer has stated that a nuclear Iran is "unacceptable" and that the use of force remains an option.[31]
  • Human Rights: Hoyer is a former chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
  • Syria: Hoyer supports former President Obama's call for authorizing limited but decisive military action in response to the Assad regime's use of chemical weapons.

On February 28, 2014, Hoyer introduced the bill To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date (H.R. 4120; 113th Congress) into the United States House of Representatives.[32] The bill would extend until November 9, 2016, the authority of the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, a nonprofit organization, to construct a museum on federal lands within the District of Columbia honoring law enforcement officers.[33]


Hoyer is a prolific fundraiser for House Democrats. He has been the top giver to fellow party members in the House. In the 2008 election cycle, he contributed more than $1 million to the party and individual candidates as of July 14, 2008.[34]

In March 2007, the Center for Public Integrity reported that Hoyer's political action committee "raised nearly $1 million for congressional candidates [in the 2006 election cycle] by exploiting what experts call a legal loophole." The Center reported the following:

Campaign finance disclosure records show that the Maryland Democrat used his leadership political action committee — AmeriPAC — as a conduit to collect bundles of checks from individuals, and from business and union interests. He then passed more than $960,000 along to 53 House candidates and another quarter of a million to the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, data compiled from the Center for Responsive Politics Web site show. Federal law generally prohibits political action committees, including leadership PACs, which are run by politicians, from receiving more than $5,000 each year from a single donor or giving more than $10,000 to a single candidate ($5,000 each for the primary and the general election). But Hoyer collected as much as $136,000 from one labor union committee and distributed more than $86,000 to a single Congressional race.[35]

The only media to cover the report, the Capital News Service, quickly pointed out how common and legal the practice is:

"That's like saying somebody who deducts mortgage interest on their taxes is exploiting a tax loophole," said Nathaniel Persily, a campaign finance expert and University of Pennsylvania Law School professor. "What exactly is the problem?"

"Bundling is very common," said Steve Weisman, of the George Washington University's Campaign Finance Institute.

What Hoyer, a lawyer, did was perfectly legal, the Federal Election Commission said, too. In fact, his insistence on detailed reporting made tracking the funds easier.[36]

Party leadership[edit]

Fifth District Congresswoman Gladys Spellman fell into a coma three days before the 1980 election. She was reelected, but it soon became apparent that she would never regain consciousness, and Congress declared her seat vacant by resolution in February 1981. Hoyer narrowly won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary, beating Spellman's husband Reuben by only 1,600 votes. He then defeated a better funded Republican candidate in the May 19 special election, earning himself the nickname of "boy wonder".[12] He won the seat for a full term in 1982 and has been reelected 14 times with no substantive opposition, and is the longest-serving House member from southern Maryland ever.[9]

Hoyer has served as chair of the Democratic Caucus, the fourth-ranking position among House of Representatives Democrats, from 1989 to 1994; the former co-chair (and a current member) of the Democratic Steering Committee; and as the chief candidate recruiter for House Democrats from 1995 to 2000. He also served as Deputy Majority Whip from 1987 to 1989.[5]

When David E. Bonior resigned as Minority Whip in early 2002, Hoyer ran but lost to Nancy Pelosi. After the 2002 midterm elections, Pelosi ran to succeed Dick Gephardt as Minority Leader, leaving the Minority Whip post open again.[37] On November 14, 2002, Hoyer was unanimously elected by his colleagues in the Democratic Caucus to serve as the Minority Whip, the second-highest-ranking position among House Democrats.[9]

Pelosi became the Speaker of the House in January 2007. Hoyer was elected by his colleagues to be House Majority Leader for the 110th Congress, defeating John Murtha of Pennsylvania by a vote of 149-86 within the caucus, despite Pelosi endorsing Murtha.[1][38] Hoyer is the first Marylander to become Majority Leader.[39] and became the highest-ranking federal lawmaker in Maryland history.[9] In this post, Hoyer was the floor leader of the House Democrats and ranked second in the leadership after the Speaker who is the actual head of the majority party in the house.

The day after the 2010 midterms elections in which the Democrats lost control of the House, Hoyer had a private conversation with Pelosi and stated that he would not challenge her bid for Minority Leader (for Pelosi to remain Democratic House Leader).[40] He ran for minority whip, but was challenged by outgoing Majority Whip Jim Clyburn (the top House Democrats want to remain in the leadership, but the minority party in the House has one less position). Hoyer is moderate while Pelosi and Clyburn are more liberal, and a significant number of Hoyer's would-be supporters in the House who were moderate and conservative Democrats had been defeated for re-election.[41][42][43] The Congressional Black Caucus backed Clyburn, while 30 House Democrats have supported Hoyer, and Hoyer has also raised money and campaigned for many candidates.[44][45] Hoyer received further support from outgoing Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Howard L. Berman, Financial Services Committee Chairman Barney Frank, and outgoing Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry A. Waxman[46] Pelosi intervened in the contest by supporting Hoyer as Minority Whip, while creating an "Assistant Leader" position for Clyburn which would keep him as the third-ranking Democrat in the House behind Pelosi and Hoyer (the existing "Assistant to the Leader" post formerly held by Chris Van Hollen is not officially part of the House leadership and was directly appointed by the Minority Leader).[47][48]

Electoral history[edit]


YearOfficeElectionSubjectPartyVotes %OpponentPartyVotes %OpponentPartyVotes %OpponentPartyVotes %
1981Congress, 5th districtSpecialSteny HoyerDemocratic42,57355.81Audrey ScottRepublican33,70844.19
1982Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic83,93779.58William GuthrieRepublican21,53320.42
1984Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic116,31072.18John RitchieRepublican44,83927.82
1986Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic82,09881.93John SellnerRepublican18,10218.07
1988Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic128,43778.63John SellnerRepublican34,90921.37
1990Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic84,74780.66Lee BreuerRepublican20,31419.34
1992Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic113,28055.0Larry J. Hogan, Jr.Republican92,63645.0
1994Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic98,82158.81Donald DevineRepublican69,21141.19
1996Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic121,28856.92John S. MorganRepublican91,80643.08
1998Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic126,79265.37Robert OstromRepublican67,17634.36
2000Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic166,23165.09Thomas HutchinsRepublican89,01934.86
2002Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic137,90369.27Joseph CrawfordRepublican60,75830.52
2004Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic204,86768.67Brad JewittRepublican87,18929.93Bob AuerbachGreen4,2241.42
2006Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic168,11482.69Steve WarnerGreen33,46416.46Write Ins: P.Kuhnert and Other6351,1100.86
2008Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic253,85473.6Collins BaileyRepublican82,63124.0Darlene NicholasLibertarian7,8292.3
2010Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic143,62064.3Charles LollarRepublican79,12235.6H. Gavin ShickleLibertarian2,3991.1
2012[51]Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic238,61869.4Tony O'DonnellRepublican95,27127.7Bob AuerbachGreen5,0401.5Arvin VohraLibertarian4,5031.3
2014[52]Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic144,72564.0Chris ChafeeRepublican80,75235.7Write-ins5630.2
2016[53]Congress, 5th districtGeneralSteny HoyerDemocratic242,98967.4Mark ArnessRepublican105,93129.4Jason SummersLibertarian11,0783.1Write-ins6060.2

Personal life[edit]

Hoyer has three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Stefany from his marriage to Judy Pickett Hoyer, who died in 1997. In 2012, after Hoyer announced his support of same-sex marriage, his daughter Stefany Hoyer Hemmer came out as a lesbian in an interview with the Washington Blade.[54]

His wife was an advocate of early childhood education, and child development learning centers in Maryland have been named in her honor ("Judy Centers").[55] She also suffered from epilepsy, and the Epilepsy Foundation of America sponsors an annual public lecture in her name.[56] Hoyer, too, has been an advocate for research in this area, and the Epilepsy Foundation presented him in 2002 with their Congressional Leadership Award.[57]

Hoyer serves on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland[5] and is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, a nonprofit that supports international elections.[58] He is also an Advisory Board Member for the Center for the Study of Democracy.[59]


  1. ^ ab"Democrats defy Pelosi, elect Hoyer House leader". Reuters. November 16, 2006. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  2. ^Alexander Mooney (November 16, 2006). "Hoyer beats out Murtha for majority leader". CNN Political Ticker. CNN.com. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  3. ^Jessica Valdez. "For Hoyer, a Balancing of Roles". The Washington Post. August 28, 2004.
  4. ^"Steny Hoyer ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. 
  5. ^ abcdef"Steny H. Hoyer (Democrat), U.S. Representative. Maryland Archives. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  6. ^Jonathan Weisman and Lois Romano (November 16, 2006). "Pelosi Splits Democrats With Push For Murtha". Washington Post. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  7. ^"Maryland Senate, Legislative District 4, 4A, 4B, 4C". msa.maryland.gov. 
  8. ^"Our Campaigns - MD State Senate 26 Race - Nov 05, 1974". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  9. ^ abcdBiography of Congressman Steny HoyerArchived 2006-11-14 at the Wayback Machine.. From the official website of Steny Hoyer. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
  10. ^"Past Officers « YDA – Young Democrats of America". www.yda.org. Young Democrats of America. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2017. 
  11. ^"Our Campaigns - MD Lt. Governor - D Primary Race - Sep 12, 1978". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  12. ^ abShailagh Murray "Political Pragmatism Carried Hoyer to the Top". The Washington Post, page A6. Friday, November 17, 2006.
  13. ^"Our Campaigns - MD District 5 - Special D Primary Race - Apr 07, 1981". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  14. ^"Our Campaigns - MD - District 5 - Special Election Race - May 19, 1981". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  15. ^"Our Campaigns - MD District 5 Race - Nov 02, 1982". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  16. ^"Our Campaigns - MD District 5 Race - Nov 03, 1992". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  17. ^"Our Campaigns - Candidate - Steny H. Hoyer". www.ourcampaigns.com. 
  18. ^"Steny Hoyer on the Issues". On The Issues. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  19. ^Hess, Pamela, Associated Press [1] June 20, 2008[dead link]
  20. ^Greg Sargent. "Steny Hoyer Says Some Strong Words Against Telecom Immunity". TPM Election Central. Archived from the original on 2008-04-07. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  21. ^Bob Fertik. "Wiretapping: Impeachment Not Immunity". Democrats.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  22. ^Kagro X. "Hoyer: I've lost all control". DailyKos. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  23. ^Glenn Greenwald. "Targeting Steny Hoyer for his contempt for the rule of law". Salon.com. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  24. ^Lichtblau, Eric (June 20, 2008). "Deal Reached in Congress to Rewrite Rules on Wiretapping". The New York Times. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  25. ^Abrams, Rhonda. "Editorials, Debates, and Opinions - USATODAY.com". Blogs.usatoday.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  26. ^Associated Press (2010-06-22). "Hoyer: Permanent middle class tax cuts too costly". WEAR-TV. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  27. ^http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2006/roll541.xml
  28. ^"Rep. Steny Hoyer :: newsroom". Archived from the original on 2007-07-25. 
  29. ^Weisman, Jonathan; Kane, Paul (December 8, 2007). "Hill Close To Deal on War Funds". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2010. 
  30. ^"Hoyer takes aim at Moran's AIPAC comment". thehill.com. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  31. ^"Democrats: Nuclear Iran unacceptable". jpost.com. Retrieved 2007-01-08. [permanent dead link]
  32. ^"H.R. 4120 - All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  33. ^"CBO - H.R. 4120". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  34. ^"Hoyer Is a Giver". Congressional Quarterly. July 14, 2008. 
  35. ^Bergo, Sandy (March 27, 2007). "Passing The Buck: House majority leader exploited campaign cash loophole". Center for Public Integrity. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. 
  36. ^MURRET, Patricia (March 21, 2007). "Hoyer Exploited Campaign Finance Law Loophole, Report Says". Capital News Service. 
  37. ^"Hoyer has won contested leadership races before - FoxNews.com". Fox News. November 5, 2010. 
An earlier congressional portrait of Hoyer.


Legislative Metrics

Read our 2017 Report Card for Hoyer.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Hoyer is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Hoyer has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Enacted Legislation

Hoyer was the primary sponsor of 36 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:

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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Hoyer sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Government Operations and Politics (60%)Economics and Public Finance (40%)

Recent Bills

Some of Hoyer’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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As House Minority Whip, Hoyer may be focused on his responsibilities other than introducing legislation, such as setting the chamber’s agenda, uniting his party, and brokering deals.

Voting Record

Key Votes

Hoyer’s VoteVote Description
Nay S. 1094: Department of Veterans Affairs Accountability and Whistleblower Protection Act of 2017
Jun 13, 2017. Passed 368/55.
A string of scandals hit the Department of Veterans Affairs in the past few years, including dozens of veterans dying while waiting for care within the required 14 days at VA hospitals, forcing President Obama’s VA Secretary to resign. A new bill that recently passed ...
Aye H.Res. 937: Providing for consideration of the conference report to accompany the bill (S. 2943) to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2017 for military activities of the Department ...
Dec 1, 2016. Passed 277/139.
Yea H.R. 5461: Iranian Leadership Asset Transparency Act
Sep 21, 2016. Passed 282/143.
No H.R. 2146: Defending Public Safety Employees’ Retirement Act
Jun 18, 2015. Passed 218/208.
This vote made H.R. 2146 the vehicle for passage of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal currently being negotiated. H.R. 2146 was originally introduced as a bill to address issues with retirement funds of federal law enforcement officers and firefighters. ...
Yea H.R. 2048: Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015
May 13, 2015. Passed 338/88.
The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of the Patriot Act, which had expired the day before. The act imposes some new limits on the bulk collection of ...
Aye H.J.Res. 124 (113th): Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2015
Sep 17, 2014. Passed 319/108.
Nay H.R. 1765 (113th): Reducing Flight Delays Act of 2013
Apr 26, 2013. Passed 361/41.
Nay H.R. 3630 (112th): Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012
Feb 17, 2012. Passed 293/132.
Aye H.R. 3078 (112th): United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act
Oct 12, 2011. Passed 262/167.
Aye H.R. 1249 (112th): Leahy-Smith America Invents Act
Jun 23, 2011. Passed 304/117.
The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama on September 16, 2011. The law represents the most significant change to the U.S. patent system since 1952, and ...

Missed Votes

From Jun 1981 to Mar 2018, Hoyer missed 570 of 22,097 roll call votes, which is 2.6%. This is on par with the median of 2.3% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

Show the numbers...

Time PeriodVotes EligibleMissed VotesPercentPercentile
1981 Apr-Jun5223.8%25th
1981 Jul-Sep10643.8%50th
1981 Oct-Dec14253.5%42nd
1982 Feb-Mar4836.3%50th
1982 Apr-Jun11954.2%58th
1982 Jul-Sep193105.2%50th
1982 Oct-Dec9922.0%25th
1983 Jan-Mar4312.3%17th
1983 Apr-Jun18273.8%44th
1983 Jul-Sep13032.3%50th
1983 Oct-Nov14321.4%17th
1984 Jan-Mar5311.9%28th
1984 Apr-Jun22362.7%28th
1984 Jul-Sep9655.2%61st
1984 Oct-Oct3600.0%0th
1985 Jan-Mar3625.6%40th
1985 Apr-Jun15431.9%30th
1985 Jul-Sep10100.0%0th
1985 Oct-Dec14842.7%45th
1986 Jan-Mar6134.9%55th
1986 Apr-Jun12832.3%55th
1986 Jul-Sep20221.0%40th
1986 Oct-Oct6011.7%50th
1987 Jan-Mar3925.1%69th
1987 Apr-Jun18773.7%56th
1987 Jul-Sep9511.1%30th
1987 Oct-Dec16763.6%33rd
1988 Feb-Mar4900.0%0th
1988 Apr-Jun16131.9%41st
1988 Jul-Sep15210.7%11th
1988 Oct-Oct8900.0%0th
1989 Jan-Mar1400.0%0th
1989 Apr-Jun10511.0%21st
1989 Jul-Sep12886.3%88th
1989 Oct-Nov12132.5%35th
1990 Jan-Mar6023.3%60th
1990 Apr-Jun15010.7%26th
1990 Jul-Sep18373.8%66th
1990 Oct-Oct14310.7%31st
1991 Jan-Mar6200.0%0th
1991 Apr-Jun13921.4%35th
1991 Jul-Sep8122.5%48th
1991 Oct-Nov16242.5%57th
1992 Jan-Mar6669.1%75th
1992 Apr-Jun18521.1%20th
1992 Jul-Sep19673.6%60th
1992 Oct-Oct4100.0%0th
1993 Jan-Mar12721.6%34th
1993 Apr-Jun19042.1%41st
1993 Jul-Sep16421.2%48th
1993 Oct-Nov13432.2%62nd
1994 Jan-Mar9555.3%76th
1994 Apr-Jun21962.7%55th
1994 Jul-Sep14242.8%50th
1994 Oct-Nov5112.0%50th
1995 Jan-Mar27972.5%71st
1995 Apr-Jun189105.3%79th
1995 Jul-Sep23262.6%66th
1995 Oct-Dec18531.6%49th
1996 Jan-Mar11021.8%41st
1996 Apr-Jun18221.1%27th
1996 Jul-Sep16300.0%0th
1997 Jan-Mar7122.8%48th
1997 Apr-Jun17400.0%0th
1997 Jul-Sep232104.3%76th
1997 Oct-Nov16331.8%55th
1998 Jan-Mar8933.4%63rd
1998 Apr-Jun18510.5%21st
1998 Jul-Sep19910.5%16th
1998 Oct-Dec7411.4%42nd
1999 Jan-Mar7322.7%65th
1999 Apr-Jun18421.1%27th
1999 Jul-Sep20462.9%75th
1999 Oct-Nov14632.1%44th
2000 Jan-Mar9511.1%21st
2000 Apr-Jun27731.1%34th
2000 Jul-Sep13032.3%59th
2000 Oct-Dec10187.9%54th
2001 Jan-Mar7511.3%41st
2001 Apr-Jun13521.5%34th
2001 Jul-Sep14942.7%62nd
2001 Oct-Dec15332.0%44th
2002 Jan-Mar7922.5%57th
2002 Apr-Jun20394.4%71st
2002 Jul-Sep14153.5%62nd
2002 Oct-Nov6100.0%0th
2003 Jan-Mar9411.1%38th
2003 Apr-Jun23900.0%0th
2003 Jul-Sep19342.1%56th
2003 Oct-Dec15142.6%40th
2004 Jan-Mar10465.8%61st
2004 Apr-Jun22120.9%26th
2004 Jul-Sep16121.2%26th
2004 Oct-Dec5800.0%0th
2005 Jan-Mar9011.1%19th
2005 Apr-Jun27241.5%46th
2005 Jul-Sep14600.0%0th
2005 Oct-Dec16342.5%46th
2006 Jan-Mar8100.0%0th
2006 Apr-Jun27641.4%39th
2006 Jul-Sep15963.8%74th
2006 Nov-Dec2700.0%0th
2007 Jan-Mar21341.9%54th
2007 Apr-Jun39330.8%26th
2007 Jul-Sep31761.9%53rd
2007 Oct-Dec26320.8%15th
2008 Jan-Mar14910.7%9th
2008 Apr-Jun32130.9%17th
2008 Jul-Sep20521.0%26th
2008 Oct-Dec1500.0%0th
2009 Jan-Mar17484.6%80th
2009 Apr-Jun303113.6%71st
2009 Jul-Sep26872.6%66th
2009 Oct-Dec246135.3%77th
2010 Jan-Mar19510.5%13th
2010 Apr-Jun21941.8%38th
2010 Jul-Sep15100.0%0th
2010 Nov-Dec9944.0%56th
2011 Jan-Mar21241.9%66th
2011 Apr-Jun28193.2%78th
2011 Jul-Sep2472911.7%95th
2011 Oct-Dec20894.3%73rd
2012 Jan-Mar15121.3%44th
2012 Apr-Jun29962.0%58th
2012 Jul-Sep15221.3%47th
2012 Nov-Dec5112.0%38th
2013 Jan-Jan500.0%0th
2013 Jan-Mar8922.2%58th
2013 Apr-Jun21583.7%72nd
2013 Jul-Sep2002211.0%94th
2013 Oct-Dec13796.6%85th
2014 Jan-Mar14821.4%40th
2014 Apr-Jun21973.2%68th
2014 Jul-Sep14742.7%70th
2014 Nov-Dec4900.0%0th
2015 Jan-Mar14464.2%74th
2015 Apr-Jun24493.7%80th
2015 Jul-Sep13932.2%64th
2015 Oct-Dec17721.1%52nd
2016 Jan-Mar1371813.1%89th
2016 Apr-Jun204125.9%80th
2016 Jul-Sep23231.3%55th
2016 Nov-Dec4800.0%0th
2017 Jan-Mar20852.4%67th
2017 Apr-Jun13675.1%82nd
2017 Jul-Sep19942.0%72nd
2017 Oct-Dec16753.0%65th
2018 Jan-Mar10111.0%30th

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:

Steny Hoyer is pronounced:

STE-nee // HOY-er

The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:

LetterSounds As In
E ebed
EE eemeet
ER erher
H hhat
N nnot
OY oyboy
S ssit
T ttop

Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.

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